Observed for 15 days, Dashain festival is known as the most important festival among the Hindu people in Nepal. The victory of Goddess Durga over the devil Mahishasura is celebrated during Dashain through worships, feast, fairs and family gatherings. Nepalis also celebrate Dashain festival for the fertility of the land and good harvest. Ghatasthapana is the first day of the festival and the last day is known as Kojagrat Purnima. Seventh day is celebrated with phulpati or sacred flowers and Brahmins carry kalasha with jamara and bamboo stalk from Gorkha to Kathmandu. Animal sacrifices are common on the 8th and 9th day of Dashain, in Nepal. Vijayadashami is celebrated on the 10th day when friends and families meet to exchange greetings and blessings.
During the Dashain festival, all the relatives get together and take the blessing from senior-citizens. It is also known as a festival of the joyful moment with lots of happiness. Well in this festival children have more craze to buy new clothes, visits relative's houses, kite flying, and village swings are the highlights of Dashain.
Tihar Festival is the second main festival of Nepal. It is held in the month of November. It is the festival of lights, colorful decorations, fancy sweets, and juicy fruits. Tihar is the festivals of 5 days, whereas first and second day is the day of bird crow and dog puja, third and fourth day is Goddess Laxmi and Govardhan puja. And the fifth day is known as Bhai-tika, where we exchange the tika between brothers and sisters. So, is also known as Bhai Tika in Nepal. In the day of Bhai Tika sisters and brothers get together and accept tika from each other. This day is called the brother’s day. Brother and sister honor each other on this day, and every sister is praying for a long and prosperous life for her brothers to the god and goddess.
Maghe Sankranti Festival
Maghe Sankranti Festival is the festival which in the month of Magh (January and February) the sun enters the southern hemisphere, and the days begin to grow longer and warmer. Lord Vishnu God is thanked for his efforts. Hindus people take an early morning bath in Holy River wherever they are, visit the temple of god Vishnu, and present flowers, incense, and food to him. They read the Bhagwad-Gita, it is also known as the song of the Gods.
Lhosar, Tibetan new year, is the combination of two words, Lho means year and sar means new. Tibetan New Year or Lhosar is one of the most popular festivals of Nepal, celebrated by different communities on different days. Tamu Lhosar is celebrated amongst the Gurung community, whereas Sonam Lhosar is celebrated by the Tamang and Yolmo communities. The third type, Gyalbo Lhosar is observed by the Tibetan and Sherpa communities.
The beginning of new year is celebrated by dance, music, family meet-ups, exchanging greetings and gifts. Families pray together during this festival and cook special foods for gods and goddesses. Consuming changkol, made from chhaang; a local Tibetan drink, similar to beer, is a known practice during Lhosar. People decorated homes with beautiful colors, relatives and friends exchange greeting from each other. Lhosar is a festival of occasion for people to come together for singing and dancing, dressing up for many days. Cultural performances are also held during the Lhosar festival.
Maha Shivaratri Festival
Maha Shivaratri Festival is one of the most important festivals of the Hindus religion, which is held in the month of March. Maha Shivaratri is the great birthday of Shiva. On the day, early in the morning, Shiva temples are flocked by devotees. Shiva devotees observe fast throughout the day and night. On this day, they perform various rituals by doing Rudra Abhishek and milk over the Shiva statue.
Fagu Purnima Festival
Fagu Purnima is the festival of the colorful moments. It is celebrated in the month of March. It celebrates the death of the devil Holika. The reincarnation of Kali Kill the Devil HOLIKA and people are happy with it. During the festival especially, the children share a handful of colored powder at each other and make it the pleasure. In the Terai region, they celebrate it the next day when people of Kathmandu valley celebrate it. During the day children are more excited to play with their family, friends and senior citizens as well.
Buddha Jayanti Festival
Buddha Jayanti Festival is a special occasion for both Hindu and Buddhists. They celebrate as the date of Birth of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha. His birthplace is in Lumbini, Kapilvasthu district of Nepal. Which is in the Terai region of Nepal. All the Buddhists, as well as pilgrims for abroad, honor the Buddha was born on this day, most particularly at the great stupas. Activity at the main Buddhist stupas are shrines begins at Swayambhunath, Lumbini, Nomobouddha and Boudhanath are some famous sites to worship during the day of Buddha Jayanti in Nepal.
Teej Festival is the Hindu festival of Nepalese womanhood. It is held in the month of August/September. Dancing, singing flock song, and Everywomen are wairing sari of red color which dominates the day of the TEEJ festival in Nepal. The day recalls the heavenly occasion when Parvati, daughter of the Himalaya, won the hand of Lord Shiva after long meditation and fasting. On the first day of Teej her mother sends her gift, food and sarees to their daughter’s houses, and groups of woman gather together to feast. Similarly, Every woman worships with Shiva (goad) to make happy and productive long life for the husbands.